Pain affects the quality of life. It may be located in one part of the body or it may be widespread. Dr. Qureshi believes that pain management begins with identifying the source of pain and involves devising an effective treatment plan. Pain can be classified as acute and chronic.
What is acute pain?
Acute pain serves a biological purpose and warns the body that it has been hurt. Provoked by a specific reason, it is sharp in quality and doesn’t last for more than a month. It disappears when the underlying cause has been healed. It is witnessed in case of:
- Broken bones
- Dental pain
- Burns and cuts
- Labor and child birth
What is chronic pain?
In chronic pain, the pain itself becomes the disease. With no biological purpose, it persists even when the injury has been healed. The pain signals stay active for years and the nervous system gets altered, making chronic pain more severe. It can be of following types:
- Cancer pain
- Arthritis pain
- Neurogenic pain
- Psychogenic pain
- Lower back pain
Pain Management Solutions:
Pain needs to be approached both emotionally and physically. Everybody feels pain in a different manner and needs different treatment. The kinds of pain relief are:
Most of the time, pain is relieved by using medicines in case of both acute and chronic pain. There are several pain relieving medicines available in your drug store.
Chronic pain in most cases doesn’t respond well to the medicines and requires other alternatives of alleviating pain such as:
- Electrical Simulation
- Nerve block for numbing the area using epidural steroid injection, facet joint injection etc
- Infusion pumps that deliver the medicine
- Surgery for extreme cases
Non-drug pain relief:
This approach heals the patient on an emotional front and involves psychological treatments for restoring mental and physical health.
- Cognitive therapy
- Relaxation for stress management
- Visual imagery
- Manipulation and massage
- Physical therapy
Pain is real and needs to be addressed because it affects our ability to do things efficiently.